Even in the era of WiFi and high-speed cellular networks, we still need network cables to tie our computing hardware together. Both Ethernet cables and fiber optic cables are used to deliver and distribute communications. Offering a fast, secure and reliable connection, these cables play different roles in delivering critical business data and entertainment.
Originally developed by Xerox in the 1970s, Category 5 and 6 cables, or Cat 7 cable connect computers and gaming systems to routers in our homes and offices. Renowned for their large, locking, plastic RJ45 connectors that resemble large telephone cables, these cables carry data measured in hundreds of megabits per second. These multi-conductor cables also connect routers to modems and switches, depending on the network configuration.
Ethernet data rates vary depending on the cable used. The new Cat 7, 10 Gigabit Ethernet cable transmits up to 10 Gbps. Category 7 technology improves both internal signaling and external shielding compared to older CAT5 / CAT5e and CAT6 cables. The CAT 7 cable supports 10 Gigabit Ethernet network connections, and the CAT7 cables are also compatible with standard Ethernet adapters. Gigabit Ethernet transmits up to 1 Gbps. Fast Ethernet, which is still the most common cable used in homes and offices today, transmits up to 100 Mbps (approximately 0.1 Gbps).
Fiber optic cable
The main claim to fame for fiber optic cable is its ability to carry large amounts of data over considerable distances. Fiber optic cabling typically runs from the central distribution center of an Internet service provider to individual centers located in a neighborhood. Surprisingly, this data is transported along glass or plastic fibers as light. Depending on whether Internet service is DSL or cable based, telephone or coaxial cables lead to each direction. Fiber optic cable upgrades have enabled service providers to offer higher speeds and higher data throughput. Signals on fiber optic cables are generally repeated or increased to compensate for remote signal losses.
At distances of up to 1.86 miles, the single-mode fiber optic cable can transmit data of up to 10 Gbps, but is primarily used for video. It is mainly used for high-bandwidth video or as a backbone for connecting networks between buildings. Used for voice, data, and video, multimode fiber has a data rate of up to 1 Gigabit per second for distances of less than 1.24 miles.
Push-On Multifiber Fiber (“MPO”) trunks (such as MPO to LC cable) have become the default cabling solution for these ever-increasing data center bandwidth requirements. Because they are a natural fit for parallel optics, these fiber links are compact, pre-terminated, capable of handling bandwidth up to 100 Gbps, and even plug and play by design.
People always think that fiber optic cable would beat copper Ethernet cable. However, cable manufacturers have continued to update the technology behind Ethernet, which means it can be as fast as some fiber optic cables today. For example, Cat 7 cable is a next-generation standard cabling technology that transmits up to 10 Gbps. Although Ethernet cable and fiber optic cable are completely different, fiber optic cable can be used in Ethernet networks. The price of the Ehernet cable and the price of the fiber optic cable are also not the same, when choosing the Ethernet cable or the fiber optic cable you should take this into account.